Gastritis is a common condition that can cause digestive symptoms and pain. Avoiding foods and drinks that trigger symptoms can help people manage this condition.
Gastritis refers to the inflammation of the lining of the stomach. There are different types and causes of gastritis, and treatment will depend on the type and cause. the
This inflammation is due to damage to the lining of the stomach. Acute gastritis lasts for a limited time and often gets better after treatment. Without treatment, however, gastritis can become chronic or long-term. Depending on the cause, complications can occur, including peptic ulcers, bleeding, nutritional deficiencies and an increased risk of cancer.
This suggests that focusing on eating habits can help manage symptoms.
In this article, we’ll take a look at foods that can be helpful to eat and avoid with gastritis. We’ll also look at recipe ideas and how to help prevent gastritis.
Gastritis is an inflammatory disease, and research suggests that following an anti-inflammatory diet may help reduce inflammation.
Nutritional practices that can help manage inflammation include:
- include certain foods, such as berries, in the diet that contain polyphenols such as flavonoids and anthocyanins
- consume fermentable fiber in lentils and other legumes
- choosing low-glycemic carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables
- limit the intake of saturated fat and aim for healthier fats such as omega-3 fats in oily fish, nuts and seeds
What foods have a high glycemic load? Find out here.
Here are some foods that may play a role in an anti-inflammatory diet:
- leafy green vegetables, such as cabbage, kale, spinach and arugula
- fatty fish, such as salmon, mackerel and sardines
- nuts, including almonds, walnuts and hazelnuts
- fruits, such as strawberries, blueberries, cherries and raspberries
- olive oil
Garlic, ginger, turmeric, and other spices may also have anti-inflammatory properties.
What is an anti-inflammatory meal plan? Find out here.
Additionally, research has focused on the use of probiotic supplements rather than foods. Therefore, there is not yet enough research to confirm that probiotics may be beneficial for people with gastritis.
Meanwhile, consuming probiotic foods may
Foods that contain beneficial probiotic bacteria include:
In addition, a
Probiotics are available in supplement form, but a person should see their doctor first to make sure they can be used safely because they
What are probiotics and who can benefit from them?
Here are two examples of how people can combine foods that are beneficial for gastritis into nutritious meals.
In 2020, researchers published the
Participants reported that the following factors made symptoms worse:
- eat too fast
- irregular meal times
- irregular meal sizes
- eat out
- eat leftover food
The specific types of foods that seemed to make symptoms worse were:
- spicy food
- salty food
- barbecue food
- sour foods
Foods that seem to increase the risk of inflammation are:
Find out more about how processed foods affect a person’s health.
Gastritis has several different causes. Below we list a few.
H. pylori infection
According to a 2015 study, the most common cause of gastritis worldwide is H. pylori, a bacteria that causes stomach infections. It is usually spread from person to person through direct contact with saliva, vomit, or feces.
A lot of people have H. pylori in their intestines, but they don’t necessarily have symptoms. However, gastritis can develop in people with H. pylori to get old.
Eating and lifestyle habits that can
A person may also be more likely to develop gastritis if they have:
- certain autoimmune disorders, in which the immune system attacks healthy tissue in the body
- various types of infection with bacteria, viruses or parasites, such as Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare, enterococcal infection, herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus and cryptosporidium
- pernicious anemia, when the stomach is unable to digest vitamin B12
- reflux of bile acid, where bile backs up in the throat
- radiotherapy or
- Crohn’s disease
- celiac disease
- food allergy
Less common causes include:
- collagen gastritis
- eosinophilic gastritis
- gastritis associated with sarcoidosis
- lymphocytic gastritis
- ischemic gastritis
- gastritis associated with vasculitis
- Ménétrier’s disease
Symptoms that may indicate gastritis
- pain or discomfort in the abdomen
- feeling full when eating or shortly after
- decreased appetite
- nausea and vomiting
- belching, bloating, or feeling full that gets worse after eating
The most serious symptoms that can appear over time are:
These symptoms may indicate bleeding in the stomach.
Learn more about the symptoms of gastritis here.
A doctor may perform tests to identify the underlying cause of gastritis, such as:
The treatment they recommend will depend on the outcome.
- stop smoking
- limit or avoid alcohol consumption
- avoid spicy foods
- To manage stress
- stopping the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
It is essential to consult a doctor before modifying or stopping the use of any medication, including NSAIDs.
Medicines that can lower stomach acid and help relieve symptoms of gastritis include:
The doctor can also
- antibiotics if there is a bacterial infection
- treatment to increase vitamin B12 and iron levels, in case of deficiency
- appropriate treatment if they confirm Crohn’s disease or another underlying condition is present
It is not always possible to avoid gastritis, but the following
Observance of hygiene instructions
- wash your hands with soap and water, especially before meals and after using the toilet
- make sure all food is clean and cooked safely
- ensure that drinking water is safe and clean
A person with symptoms of gastritis should see a doctor, as they could indicate an underlying condition. Long-term gastritis can lead to complications, such as erosion of the stomach lining and painful ulcers.
If a person seeks help quickly, a doctor can treat any underlying conditions. Early treatment can help prevent complications.
Experts have not linked dietary factors to gastritis, but some people find that avoiding certain foods and drinks can help manage symptoms. These include alcohol and spicy, acidic and fatty foods.
Eating a diet that includes anti-inflammatory foods and probiotic foods can also help support the gut and manage symptoms.
Anyone who thinks they have gastritis should see a doctor. Left untreated, it can become a long-term problem and lead to complications. Gastritis can also indicate an underlying condition that requires medical attention.
People can avoid H. pylori infection – the most common cause of gastritis – by maintaining proper hygiene habits and cooking food safely.