Pongal is a Hindu festival celebrated over four days in the southern Indian states, particularly in Tamil Nadu. Pongal symbolizes the start of Uttarayan, the sun’s six-month journey north. Pongal literally means to overflow or boil, which has the aspect of wealth and abundance. Pongal is a festival commemorating God’s provision of a bountiful harvest throughout the year.
This year, the Pongal celebrations will begin on January 14, 2022, with Boghi Pongal, followed by Surya Pongal on January 15, 2022 and Mattu Pongal on January 16, 2022. The last day of celebrations will be on January 17, 2022, on Kaanum Pongal.
Pongal is also known as Uttarayan Punyakalam. Festivals are celebrated by decorating homes and serving sweets and savory foods to Lord Surya, the Sun God.
One of the most famous traditions in Pongal is the making of Rangoli, or Pongal kolams. Rangoli is said to be a traditional way of embracing luck, and its meaning has remained intact and constant over time. Pongal kolams are made from colored rice, paints, flowers, and colored sand, among other ingredients.
Take a look at these Pongal rangoli ideas:
The first day of Pongal marks the last day of Marghazi, the Tamil month. On this Bhogi Pongal, people get rid of their old possessions by gathering and burning them. By parting with their old possessions, people also buy new goods. New clothes are worn as people pray to Lord Indra, the god of the rains.
Surya Pongal is the first day of the Tamil Tai month. Uttarayana begins on this day, when the sun enters the 10th house of the zodiac of Makara (Capricorn). The Pongal dish is prepared for the feast.
The third day is celebrated as Mattu Pongal. Mattu literally refers to cattle. To celebrate this day, the cattle are decorated with painted horns and flower garlands.
The last day is celebrated as Kanum Pongal. Kanum refers to the visit. People celebrate this day by meeting their loved ones.